Off the green how? On the fringe and they’re holding putter? 40 footer should go first. Short sided and they need to hit a flop then change clubs? Hit the flop then change clubs.If one player is off the green , 10 feet away from the hole, and the other player is on the green , but 40 feet away, who should putt first?
This, unless something is on the line, then perhaps the 40 footer should go first.Farthest away is out.
Whoever is ready first should play first
I think this is done as a courtesy if the longer player wants it or is a big putt.I know watching the pga, shorter putts are made, to get out of the way of longer putts.
Golf Rule 10, Order of Play – Simplified Version
10-1. In match play, golfers play in this order:
On the tee – On the first hole, the player listed first on the scorecard (as determined by the committee) tees off first; otherwise, the order is decided by lot or other fair means (e.g., a coin flip). Afterward, the player or team that wins a hole has honors (plays first) on the next tee. If a hole is halved, the honor stays with the side which held it on the previous hole.
While playing the hole – The player whose ball is farthest from the hole (away) goes first; if the sides are the same distance from the hole, or it can’t be determined who is away, the order is determined by coin flip or similar method. There is no penalty for playing out of turn, but the opponent whose turn was skipped can require the player to cancel the stroke, then play again after the opponent has hit.
Players may agree to play out of turn in the interest of saving time.